The season is over, and with it, for this year, is the vegetable seed is the self-production of seed directly into our garden. The last seed that still remains to be collected is contained in pumpkins, which must wait at least late November to be extracted from the fruits finally mature.

With our seeds is time to get ready to participate in any of the many meetings seed exchange that is now taking place in every part of Italy and attended by thousands of small growers enthusiasts unobtainable vegetable varieties, without ever forgetting that the better the best seeds will be that we will get the vegetable gardens.

The means may be likened to a seed, the end to a tree; and between the middle and the end, it is exactly the same inviolable connection that exists between seed and tree.

But what are the seeds? How do they keep? We answer some common questions.

The sowing calendar that will also serve you as a reminder to take anti on the work in your garden, you find on Tomappo.

Seeds, living beings

Each seed is a living being at rest. Even though it seems because it has no leaves and does not move. Yet it breathes, emits heat, distinguishes between light and dark, and eliminates the waste substances.

So it is in every way a living being, though destined to die when they sprout to live the new plant which will give rise. This is important to know to understand how best to keep it vital and give you the best possible environment until it is placed in the ground.


A good seed, as such, should be germinable. That is, if placed in the optimal conditions of light, humidity and temperature will germinate and give rise to a seedling.

There are seeds, like those of some herbs (oregano or thyme) or decorative flowers, which need light to germinate and, therefore, should not be sown covered with earth. Just place them on the soil surface and then pitiable to make them adhere. Other seeds instead need of darkness and then to be buried, like beans.


Unfortunately, it is not enough that the seeds are germinating only, but they must also be equipped with vitality. This property means that germinate in the shortest possible time.

It is an important feature because when the seeds in the ground and are not rich in vitality, remain there without germinating for too long and become prey to mold or insects. In addition to respecting their natural period of germination, it is essential to recognize most of the lunar calendar.

The vitality is determined by the age and the good conservation of the seeds. But every seed also has its period of germination, and some are faster than others.

Surely among the most “lazy to wake up” is parsley that usually takes more than 20 days, while the sprinters are endive and radish that they do it in two days.

Temperature of germination

Each seed needs to germinate of three critical conditions: moisture, light, and heat appropriate to its requests.

The ideal temperature for the majority of vegetable seeds is, on average, about 25 ° C., with the extremes celery who wants to 20, but only during the day and the night instead requires more fresh, and watermelon that instead it It requires at least 35.

The seed of each variety of vegetable reacts differently to the stresses of the outside world, a sign that despite the centuries of domestication and selection by farmers who have received before and now geneticists, their original nature has not changed. We should be the ones to adapt to their needs, and above all, know them to promote growth.

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