Orchard Position:

  • In the sunniest part of the particle,
  • As much as possible away from roads,
  • Far away from tall trees and hedges,
  • Sheltered from strong winds,
  • If we confine the woods, as far away from it,
  • Nearby we install a water system.

In general:

  • First, we check the conditions on our particle – where there are shadows, the wind, the duration of the snow, where water accumulates.
  • The position is suitable for the garden where the sun shines at least six hours straight.
  • The files in the border must go from east to west for even illumination.
  • The orchard size must be adapted to our possibilities and our needs (for a family with four members 30 square meters are sufficient for a good supply with fresh vegetables, about 60 square meters is enough vegetables throughout the year, on 100 square meters we can plant potatoes, asparagus and more).
  • When a lawn creates a vegetable garden, we do it in autumn or winter. We eliminate the grassroots and other vegetation also remove larger stones.
  • The garden must also be made of the accumulation, which should be in the shade and not too near the vegetable garden.
  • The width of the flowerbeds must be such that they can work from a street (about 1.2 m, maximum 1.5 m).
  • The width of the street between the beds must be at least 40 cm.
  • Wooden planks are not suitable because they are hidden beneath the snails.
  • Birds, hedgehogs, ladybugs, and other natural predators are welcome the orchard.
  • The orchard there is no place for the hens because they destroy earthworms usefully.
  • They also welcome the marigold plants, marigolds, and nasturtiums – help in case of diseases caused by fungi and chase away vermin.
  • Against the snails help the onion, garlic, white mustard, nasturtiums, marigolds, sage, thyme, and mulch elder or woodland fern.
  • The organic matter in the soil needs to be replaced, so the best thing is the vegetable compost the waste and uses them again.
  • If you do not know the characteristics of the earth, we can help with analysis conducted for us by agricultural-forest institutions.
  • The soil must be quite acid, which has enough organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other micro and macroelements.

Ortho combination with fruits and vegetables:

  • The part with fruit sprayed with spray drift must be far away from the garden with plants.
  • We are careful that the fruit trees do not give shade to vegetables.
  • Garlic and onion chase away the mice and voles by tree roots.
  • Lamb’s lettuce and spinach chase away ants carrying lice.
  • Raspberries grow well next to beans and peas, but seeds can not be planted in the same place every year.
  • Near the fruit trees, it is also advisable to plant herbs.

Techniques Special gardening

Gardeners can inquire and try some of the following gardening techniques:

  • vegetables on the balcony,
  • greenhouse vegetables,
  • permaculture ortho,
  • biodynamic gardening,
  • high flower beds,
  • flower beds or terraces
  • the vegetable garden as an ornament.

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